Unit 2 - Biochemistry

Learning Target

Resource (Pages refer to Campbell: Biology Concepts & Connections 7th ed)

I can compare and contrast endergonic (endothermic) and exergonic (exothermic) reactions

I can define free energy

I can describe what happens to a system that does not have an input of free energy and what happens when it does

I can describe the properties of water.

I can compare and contrast hydrophobic and hydrophilic molecules.

I can relate the properties of water to specific examples in nature.

I can explain how phospholipids contain both polar water attracting parts and nonpolar parts where differences in saturation which determines structure and function of the lipid.

I can explain that directionality influences structure and function of the polymer.

I can identify organic functional groups and determine their chemical properties.


I can compare and contrast the structure and functions of cellulose, starch and glycogen


I can describe the structure of carbohydrates as various sugar monomers bonded by dehydrated synthesis.


I can identify lipids as nonpolar compounds.


I can describe the primary, secondary, and tertiary structure of a protein and how these affect the function.


  •  WB Ch. 3 - Excercise 8

I can explain how the chemical properties (hydrophobic, hydrophilic, and ionic) of an R group in an amino acid can determine the function of that protein section.


I can describe the parts of a nucleotide.


I can compare structure and function of DNA and RNA.


I can explain why the substrate must fit into the enzymes active site

I can relate the shape of an enzyme and its active site to its function


I can relate change in structure to a change in function.


I can discuss the role of cofactors and coenzymes


I can relate enzyme function to the presence of other molecules in the environment which can speed up or slow down activity.